The aim of this study was to introduce resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rest-fMRI) capability for brain tumor surgical planning. rest-fMRI is an emerging functional neuroimaging technique potentially able to provide new insights into brain physiology and to provide useful information regarding brain tumors in preoperative and postoperative settings. rest-fMRI evaluates low-frequency fluctuations in the blood oxygen level–dependent signal while the subject is at rest during magnetic resonance imaging examination. Multiple resting-state networks have been identified, including the somatosensory, language, and visual networks, which are of primary importance for surgical planning. We discuss the feasibility of rest-fMRI examination before and after surgical resection of brain tumors in routine clinical practice and the usefulness of the information obtained for surgical planning in brain tumor resection. rest-fMRI is particularly useful for patients who are unable to cooperate with the task-based paradigm, such as children or patients who are sedated, paretic, or aphasic. Although standardization and validation of rest-fMRI are still ongoing, this technique is feasible and valuable and can be implemented for routine clinical surgical planning.
- Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) technique
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rest-fMRI)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology