Restless legs syndrome: Diagnostic criteria, special considerations, and epidemiology. A report from the restless legs syndrome diagnosis and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health

Richard P. Allen, Daniel Picchietti, Wayne A. Hening, Claudia Trenkwalder, Arthur S. Walters, Jacques Montplaisi, William Bara-Jimenez, Philip Becker, Georgianna Bell, Klaus Berger, Donald L. Bliwise, David Brooks, Flavia Consens, Christopher J. Earley, Bruce L. Ehrenberg, Daniel Foley, Catherine Friederich Murray, Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Mark Hallett, Magdolna HornyakCarl E. Hunt, Clete Kushida, Tobias Kurth, Lenore Launer, Andrew Monjan, Paul Nichols, David B. Rye, Denise Sharon, David L. Streiner, John W. Winkelman, Juliane Winkelmann, Rochelle Zak, Charles Adler, Heike Benes, Sudhansu Chokroverty, Karl Ekbom, Birgit Frauscher, Birgit Högl, Meir Kryger, Pasquale Montagna, Wolfgang Oertel, Giuseppe Plazzi, J. Steven Poceta, Michael Silber, Karin Stiasny, Eduardo Tolosa, Sergio Tufik, Marco Tulio de Mello, Marco Zucconi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2265 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Restless legs syndrome is a common yet frequently undiagnosed sensorimotor disorder. In 1995, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group developed standardized criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Since that time, additional scientific scrutiny and clinical experience have led to a better understanding of the condition. Modification of the criteria is now necessary to better reflect that increased body of knowledge, as well as to clarify slight confusion with the wording of the original criteria. Setting: The restless legs syndrome diagnostic criteria and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health. Participants: Members of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group and authorities on epidemiology and the design of questionnaires and scales. Objective: To modify the current criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome, to develop new criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome in the cognitively impaired elderly and in children, to create standardized criteria for the identification of augmentation, and to establish consistent questions for use in epidemiology studies. Results: The essential diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome were developed and approved by workshop participants and the executive committee of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. Criteria were also developed and approved for the additional aforementioned groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-119
Number of pages19
JournalSleep Medicine
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003

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Restless Legs Syndrome
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Epidemiology
Education

Keywords

  • Consensus
  • Movement disorder
  • Neurologic disorder
  • Periodic limb movement disorder
  • Periodic limb movements of sleep
  • Sleep
  • Sleep disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Ophthalmology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology

Cite this

Restless legs syndrome : Diagnostic criteria, special considerations, and epidemiology. A report from the restless legs syndrome diagnosis and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health. / Allen, Richard P.; Picchietti, Daniel; Hening, Wayne A.; Trenkwalder, Claudia; Walters, Arthur S.; Montplaisi, Jacques; Bara-Jimenez, William; Becker, Philip; Bell, Georgianna; Berger, Klaus; Bliwise, Donald L.; Brooks, David; Consens, Flavia; Earley, Christopher J.; Ehrenberg, Bruce L.; Foley, Daniel; Murray, Catherine Friederich; Garcia-Borreguero, Diego; Hallett, Mark; Hornyak, Magdolna; Hunt, Carl E.; Kushida, Clete; Kurth, Tobias; Launer, Lenore; Monjan, Andrew; Nichols, Paul; Rye, David B.; Sharon, Denise; Streiner, David L.; Winkelman, John W.; Winkelmann, Juliane; Zak, Rochelle; Adler, Charles; Benes, Heike; Chokroverty, Sudhansu; Ekbom, Karl; Frauscher, Birgit; Högl, Birgit; Kryger, Meir; Montagna, Pasquale; Oertel, Wolfgang; Plazzi, Giuseppe; Poceta, J. Steven; Silber, Michael; Stiasny, Karin; Tolosa, Eduardo; Tufik, Sergio; de Mello, Marco Tulio; Zucconi, Marco.

In: Sleep Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 2, 03.2003, p. 101-119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allen, RP, Picchietti, D, Hening, WA, Trenkwalder, C, Walters, AS, Montplaisi, J, Bara-Jimenez, W, Becker, P, Bell, G, Berger, K, Bliwise, DL, Brooks, D, Consens, F, Earley, CJ, Ehrenberg, BL, Foley, D, Murray, CF, Garcia-Borreguero, D, Hallett, M, Hornyak, M, Hunt, CE, Kushida, C, Kurth, T, Launer, L, Monjan, A, Nichols, P, Rye, DB, Sharon, D, Streiner, DL, Winkelman, JW, Winkelmann, J, Zak, R, Adler, C, Benes, H, Chokroverty, S, Ekbom, K, Frauscher, B, Högl, B, Kryger, M, Montagna, P, Oertel, W, Plazzi, G, Poceta, JS, Silber, M, Stiasny, K, Tolosa, E, Tufik, S, de Mello, MT & Zucconi, M 2003, 'Restless legs syndrome: Diagnostic criteria, special considerations, and epidemiology. A report from the restless legs syndrome diagnosis and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health', Sleep Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 101-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1389-9457(03)00010-8
Allen, Richard P. ; Picchietti, Daniel ; Hening, Wayne A. ; Trenkwalder, Claudia ; Walters, Arthur S. ; Montplaisi, Jacques ; Bara-Jimenez, William ; Becker, Philip ; Bell, Georgianna ; Berger, Klaus ; Bliwise, Donald L. ; Brooks, David ; Consens, Flavia ; Earley, Christopher J. ; Ehrenberg, Bruce L. ; Foley, Daniel ; Murray, Catherine Friederich ; Garcia-Borreguero, Diego ; Hallett, Mark ; Hornyak, Magdolna ; Hunt, Carl E. ; Kushida, Clete ; Kurth, Tobias ; Launer, Lenore ; Monjan, Andrew ; Nichols, Paul ; Rye, David B. ; Sharon, Denise ; Streiner, David L. ; Winkelman, John W. ; Winkelmann, Juliane ; Zak, Rochelle ; Adler, Charles ; Benes, Heike ; Chokroverty, Sudhansu ; Ekbom, Karl ; Frauscher, Birgit ; Högl, Birgit ; Kryger, Meir ; Montagna, Pasquale ; Oertel, Wolfgang ; Plazzi, Giuseppe ; Poceta, J. Steven ; Silber, Michael ; Stiasny, Karin ; Tolosa, Eduardo ; Tufik, Sergio ; de Mello, Marco Tulio ; Zucconi, Marco. / Restless legs syndrome : Diagnostic criteria, special considerations, and epidemiology. A report from the restless legs syndrome diagnosis and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health. In: Sleep Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 101-119.
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abstract = "Background: Restless legs syndrome is a common yet frequently undiagnosed sensorimotor disorder. In 1995, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group developed standardized criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Since that time, additional scientific scrutiny and clinical experience have led to a better understanding of the condition. Modification of the criteria is now necessary to better reflect that increased body of knowledge, as well as to clarify slight confusion with the wording of the original criteria. Setting: The restless legs syndrome diagnostic criteria and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health. Participants: Members of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group and authorities on epidemiology and the design of questionnaires and scales. Objective: To modify the current criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome, to develop new criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome in the cognitively impaired elderly and in children, to create standardized criteria for the identification of augmentation, and to establish consistent questions for use in epidemiology studies. Results: The essential diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome were developed and approved by workshop participants and the executive committee of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. Criteria were also developed and approved for the additional aforementioned groups.",
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AU - Trenkwalder, Claudia

AU - Walters, Arthur S.

AU - Montplaisi, Jacques

AU - Bara-Jimenez, William

AU - Becker, Philip

AU - Bell, Georgianna

AU - Berger, Klaus

AU - Bliwise, Donald L.

AU - Brooks, David

AU - Consens, Flavia

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AU - Murray, Catherine Friederich

AU - Garcia-Borreguero, Diego

AU - Hallett, Mark

AU - Hornyak, Magdolna

AU - Hunt, Carl E.

AU - Kushida, Clete

AU - Kurth, Tobias

AU - Launer, Lenore

AU - Monjan, Andrew

AU - Nichols, Paul

AU - Rye, David B.

AU - Sharon, Denise

AU - Streiner, David L.

AU - Winkelman, John W.

AU - Winkelmann, Juliane

AU - Zak, Rochelle

AU - Adler, Charles

AU - Benes, Heike

AU - Chokroverty, Sudhansu

AU - Ekbom, Karl

AU - Frauscher, Birgit

AU - Högl, Birgit

AU - Kryger, Meir

AU - Montagna, Pasquale

AU - Oertel, Wolfgang

AU - Plazzi, Giuseppe

AU - Poceta, J. Steven

AU - Silber, Michael

AU - Stiasny, Karin

AU - Tolosa, Eduardo

AU - Tufik, Sergio

AU - de Mello, Marco Tulio

AU - Zucconi, Marco

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KW - Movement disorder

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