Results from a 12 months, randomized, clinical trial comparing an olmesartan/amlodipine single pill combination to olmesartan and amlodipine monotherapies on blood pressure and inflammation

Giuseppe Derosa, Arrigo F G Cicero, Anna Carbone, Fabrizio Querci, Elena Fogari, Angela D'Angelo, Pamela Maffioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim Hypertension affects nearly 1 in 3 adults in the United States, and it is an important modifiable risk factor for coronary artery disease, heart failure, renal failure, and stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a fixed-dose olmesartan/amlodipine combination on blood pressure control, lipid profile, insulin sensitivity, and inflammation compared to singles monotherapies. Methods We randomized 276 hypertensive patients to olmesartan 20 mg, amlodipine 10 mg or a single pill containing a fixed-dose olmesartan/amlodipine combination 20/5 mg for 12 months. We evaluated: body weight, body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting plasma insulin (FPI), lipid profile, omentin, chemerin, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP). At baseline, and after 6 and 12 months, patients underwent an euglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp to assess insulin sensitivity (M value). Results Olmesartan/amlodipine combination was more effective than amlodipine or olmesartan in reducing blood pressure. Olmesartan/amlodipine combination, but not amlodipine, decreased FPG after 12 months. Olmesartan/amlodipine combination better decreased FPI and HOMA index and increased M value compared to olmesartan and amlodipine monotherapies. Olmesartan/amlodipine significantly decreased chemerin and omentin compared to olmesartan and amlodipine. Conclusion Other than to be more effective in reducing blood pressure, olmesartan/amlodipine single pill combination gave also a major increase of insulin sensitivity and a decrease of inflammatory markers compared to single monotherapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Amlodipine
  • C-reactive protein
  • Combination therapy
  • High sensitivity
  • Olmesartan
  • Omentin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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