Background: Previous studies have shown that stents can be inserted in coronary arteries of patients who are subsequently treated safely with antiplatelet therapy only (ticlopidine and/or aspirin) with a low incidence of stent thrombosis, provided that stent expansion is adequate and there are no other flow-limiting lesions present. However, it is unknown whether ticlopidine combined with aspirin is superior to aspirin alone in preventing stent thrombosis. Methods and Results: From March 1993 through July 1995, 801 consecutive patients assigned to receive either aspirin therapy alone (ASA, 264 patients, 348 lesions) or a combination of ticlopidine and aspirin (TIC-ASA, 537 patients, 737 lesions) after a successful stent insertion, in most accomplished with intravascular ultrasound guidance, were evaluated retrospectively. At 1 month, there was no difference in the ASA group compared with the TIC-ASA group in the rate of any stent thrombosis (1.9% versus 1.9%; P=1), subacute stent thrombosis (1.9% versus 1.3%; P=.5), cumulative major adverse clinical events (1.9% versus 2.0%; P=1), and peripheral vascular complications (0.5% versus 0.2%; P=.3). Medication side effects that required termination of antiplatelet therapy occurred only in 1.9% of patients in the TIC-ASA group (P=.04). Conclusions: At 1-month clinical follow-up, stent thrombosis and other adverse clinical outcomes were not significantly different between the ASA and TIC-ASA groups. Medication side effects occurred only in patients treated with ticlopidine. These results provide further evidence of the safety of treatment with antiplatelet therapy only after optimal stent implantation and support the efficacy of aspirin alone in preventing stent thrombosis.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- coronary disease
- platelet aggregation inhibitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine