The prevalence of arterial hypertension is age-dependent, and with the prolongation of life expectancy the number of elderly subjects with arterial hypertension is very relevant. Epidemiologic studies have shown that arterial hypertension is a risk factor in elderly patients and therefore the physician must know if the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic reduction of blood pressure values is associated with a corresponding decrease in systolic-diastolic or isolated systolic hypertension. Clinical trials have shown that the lowering of blood pressure values is commonly associated with a decrease in cardiovascular events. So far, the reduction of blood pressure per se appears more relevant to the cardiovascular benefit than does a particular class of antihypertensive agents. The benefit of antihypertensive treatment has been shown up to the age of 80 years, while there are no clear indications of a benefit in persons older than 80 years. While sufficient data suggest that a diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 90 mm Hg is associated with a clear benefit in elderly patients, the data in support of a systolic reduction below 140 mm Hg require further direct confirmation.
|Journal||American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine