Objectives. This study attempted to analyze immediate and long-term angiographic and clinical results of coronary stent implantation for restenosis in a consecutive group of patients. Background. The rate of stent utilization in patients with coronary artery disease has increased exponentially in recent years. There are many unanswered questions about the use of stenting in patients with restenosis, particularly with respect to late clinical and angiographic results. Methods. A total of 159 stents were implanted in 128 consecutive patients with 139 lesions (mean 1.3 stents/patient). A technique of optimal stent expansion was used in all patients, and intravascular ultrasound guidance with no subsequent anticoagulation was performed in 41 patients. Results. Stent implantation was successful in 126 patients (98%). Four patients (3.1%) had complications (in two after successful stenting): death in one, emergency bypass surgery operation in two and subacute stent thrombosis in one. Stents were implanted with a final balloon size (mean ± SD) of 3.5 ± 0.5 mm and a mean maximal pressure of 11 ± 4 atm (range 8 to 20). Angiographic restenosis occurred in 27 patients (25%). Regression analysis on clinical and angiographic variables for prediction of restenosis showed no statistical significance for any variable. Late events occurred in 23 patients (19%). The actuarial survival rate was 98% at 1 year and at 3 years, and the event-free survival rate including freedom from repeat angioplasty for restenosis was 95% and 76%, respectively. Conclusions. The late angiographic outcome, restenosis rate and total clinical events are favorable for selected patients undergoing stent implantation for the indication of restenosis.
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