Results of postoperative radiotherapy of cervix carcinoma after radical versus non radical hysterectomy

Martin Busch, Wilfried Rath, Moshe Schaffer, Luigi Corti, Walther Kuhn, Eckhart Dühmke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We studied the outcome of our 68 cervix carcinoma patients treated either with: 1) radical surgery and postoperative 192Ir high-dose rate afterloading brachytherapy or postoperative radiotherapy to the whole pelvis or with 2) standard hysterectomy and postoperative radiotherapy to the whole pelvis. Forty-eight women were treated by radical hysterectomy from 1988 to 1992 and - due to risk factors - by postoperative radiotherapy (Group 1), 20 other patients (Group 2) pretreated with standard hysterectomy were admitted to the university hospital for postoperative radiotherapy of the whole pelvis. Postoperative radiotherapy consisted of 39.6 Gy total dose using the box technique, plus two afterloading applications with a single dose of 7.5 Gy and 6 Gy external beam therapy to the pelvic lymph nodes sparing the midline. Comparing the Kaplan-Meier plots of both groups, the tumor related survival curve, the locoregional control and the rates of metastatic disease were nearly identical. But in the analysis of special subgroups, patients with positive lymph nodes after standard hysterectomy and postoperative radiotherapy had a worse prognosis (75% three years' survival rate) than patients after radical surgery (86% three years' survival rate). Lymphangiosis was a negative prognostic factor for the patients pretreated with standard hysterectomy (60% versus 80% three years' survival rate), but not for patients after radical surgery (80% three years' survival rate), despite the same radiotherapy in both groups. Conclusion: Standard hysterectomy fails to be an adequate treatment for early cervix carcinoma because moderately dosed postoperative radiotherapy cannot achieve complete locoregional control in all cases of positive lymph nodes or invasion of lymph vessels. However, based on the empirical results of many authors and our own results, postoperative radiotherapy is further indicated in high risk cases of cervix carcinoma after radical surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-114
Number of pages5
JournalRadiologia Medica
Volume93
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

Keywords

  • Cervix carcinoma, postoperative radiotherapy
  • Cervix carcinoma, radical surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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