Results of the Italian infection-Carbapenem Resistance Evaluation Surveillance Trial (iCREST-IT): Activity of ceftazidime/avibactam against Enterobacterales isolated from urine

Tommaso Giani, Alberto Antonelli, Samanta Sennati, Vincenzo Di Pilato, Adriana Chiarelli, Antonio Cannatelli, Christopher Gatsch, Francesco Luzzaro, Teresa Spanu, Stefania Stefani, Gian Maria Rossolini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the in vitro antibacterial activity of ceftazidime/avibactam against a recent Italian collection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) isolated from urine specimens. Methods: Consecutive Gram-negative isolates from urine specimens, collected from inpatients in five Italian hospitals during the period October 2016 to February 2017, were screened for CRE phenotype using chromogenic selective medium and identified using MALDI-TOF MS. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by reference broth microdilution (BMD) and, for ceftazidime/avibactam, also by Etest® CZA. Results were interpreted according to the EUCAST breakpoints. All confirmed CRE were subjected to real-time PCR targeting blaKPC-type, blaVIM-type, blaNDM-type and blaOXA-48-type carbapenemase genes. Non-MBL-producing isolates resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam were subjected to WGS and their resistome and clonality were analysed. Results: Overall, 318 non-replicate presumptive CRE were collected following screening of 9405 isolates of Enterobacterales (3.4%) on chromogenic selective medium. Molecular analysis revealed that 216 isolates were positive for a carbapenemase gene (of which 92.1%, 2.8%, 1.4% and 1.4% were positive for blaKPC-type, blaOXA-48-type, blaNDM-type and blaVIM-type, respectively). Against the confirmed carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE), ceftazidime/avibactam was the most active compound, followed by colistin (susceptibility rates 91.6% and 69.4%, respectively). Compared with BMD, Etest® for ceftazidime/avibactam yielded consistent results (100% category agreement). All class B β-lactamase producers were resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam, while OXA-48 and KPC producers were susceptible, with the exception of seven KPC-producing isolates (4.2%). The latter exhibited an MIC of 16 to >32 mg/L, belonged to ST512, produced KPC-3 and showed alterations in the OmpK35 and Ompk36 porins. Conclusions: Ceftazidime/avibactam showed potent in vitro activity against a recent Italian collection of CPE from urine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-983
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume75
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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