We investigated whether resveratrol (RV) affects azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon carcinogenesis, by administering RV (200 μg/kg/day in drinking water) to male F344 rats for 100 days, beginning 10 days before carcinogen treatment (two weekly doses of 15 mg/kg AOM). Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were isolated and proliferation, apoptosis and expression of the cell cycle genes bax and p21 were determined. RV significantly reduced the number of ACF/colon [25.7 ± 3.6 (mean ± SEM) versus 39.4 ± 3.3 in controls; P <0.01] and their multiplicity (2.7 ± 0.3 versus 4.9 ± 0.6 in controls; P <0.01), and also abolished large ACF. In RV-treated rats, bax expression was enhanced in ACF but not in the surrounding mucosa. In both controls and RV-treated rats, proliferation was higher in ACF than in normal mucosa. p21 was expressed in ACF of controls and of RV-treated rats and in normal mucosa of controls, but was lost in normal mucosa of RV-treated animals. In conclusion, the results suggest a protective role of RV in colon carcinogenesis with a mechanism involving changes in bax and p21 expression.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research