The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a key organelle fundamental for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and the determination of cell fate under stress conditions. Reticulon-1C (RTN-1C) is a member of the reticulon family proteins localized primarily on the ER membrane and known to regulate ER structure and function. Several cellular processes depend on the structural and functional crosstalk between different organelles, particularly on the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. These dynamic contacts, called mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs), are essential for the maintenance of mitochondrial structure and participate in lipid and calcium exchanges between the two organelles.In this study we investigated the impact of RTN-1C modulation on mitochondrial dynamics. We demonstrate that RTN-1C controls mitochondrial structure and function affecting intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and lipid exchange between ER and mitochondria. We propose that these events depend on RTN-1C involvement in the regulation of ER-mitochondria cross-talk and define a role for RTN-1C in maintaining the function of contacts between the two organelles.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2015|
- Endoplasmic reticulum
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology