Retinal detachment associated with macular hole in high myopia: Using the vitreous anatomy to optimize the surgical approach

Guido Ripandelli, Vincenzo Parisi, Thomas R. Friberg, Andrea Maria Coppé, Cecilia Scassa, Mario Stirpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose To evaluate the efficacy of different surgical strategies on the postoperative outcomes of retinal detachments (RDs) associated with macular holes (MHs) in high myopia. Design Prospective, noncomparative case series. Participants The study included 120 phakic, highly myopic eyes (mean degree of myopia, -22.2±4.80 diopters) with RDs and MHs that underwent surgical repair. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 consisted of 60 eyes with a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Mean preoperative visual acuity (VA) was 20/200±20/500. Group 2 consisted of 60 eyes with posterior vitreous schisis (PVS). The mean preoperative VA was 20/152±20/333. The minimum follow-up was 6 months. Intervention The surgical approach was chosen on the basis of the clinical characteristics. Twenty-five eyes of group 1 underwent pneumoretinopexy (group 1A), whereas 35 eyes of group 1 were repaired with vitrectomy (group 1B). Forty-nine eyes of group 2 underwent pars plana vitrectomy (group 2A), whereas 11 eyes of group 2 underwent scleral buckling of the macula (group 2B). Main outcome measures Anatomic attachment of the retina and VA. Results Retinal reattachment at 6 months was achieved in 23 of 25 (92%) eyes of group 1A, 31 of 35 (88.5%) eyes of group 1B, 45 of 49 (91.8%) eyes of group 2A, and 8 of 11 (72.7%) eyes of group 2B. A significant (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-731
Number of pages6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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