PURPOSE: To report multimodal imaging findings in a patient affected by Jeune syndrome-associated retinal dystrophy.
METHODS: Observational case report.
RESULTS: An 18-year-old girl affected by Jeune syndrome was referred to our low vision unit. She presented with bilateral high myopia, reduced visual acuity, exotropia, and nystagmus. Fundus examination detected posterior myopic staphyloma and diffuse retinal dystrophy confirmed using a full-field electroretinogram as a cone-rod dystrophy. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography detected a thick anomalous hyperreflective band located beneath an irregular and disrupted external limiting membrane, showing the primary involvement of the photoreceptors outer segment with relative sparing of the retinal pigment epithelium, as confirmed by fundus autofluorescence.
CONCLUSION: This is a case of Jeune syndrome with retinal abnormalities studied with fundus autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography. Retinal noninvasive multimodal imaging could provide significant insight in the retinal involvement of patients affected by Jeune syndrome and should have an essential role in the multidisciplinary diagnostic approach and follow-up.