PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence, the vascular features, and the clinical diagnostic implication of retinal vascular abnormalities (RVAs) associated with neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) in a large cohort of patients. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-four patients affected by NF1 were consecutively enrolled. The presence of RVAs was detected by means of infrared confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy images. Three hundred age- and race-matched healthy subjects were enrolled as a healthy control group. Fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and optical coherence tomography angiography were also performed in patients with RVAs. RESULTS: Retinal vascular abnormalities were detected in 18 patients with NF1 (6.1%) and in none of the healthy subjects. Retinal vascular abnormalities appeared in all cases as well-defined, small, tortuous retinal vessels with a spiral aspect, originating from small tributaries of retinal veins. The presence of RVAs did not correlate with the presence of other specific ocular or systemic NF1 features (P > 0.05). On optical coherence tomography angiography, RVAs appeared as an isolated tortuous vessel of the superficial vascular plexus in all cases, associated with localized anomalous crowded and congested capillary network of the deep vascular plexus in 75% of cases. CONCLUSION: Retinal vascular abnormalities are present in a limited proportion of patients affected by NF1 and can be considered an additional distinctive sign of the disease
|Article number||doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000001578.|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - Feb 28 2017|
Parrozzani, R., Pilotto , E., Clementi, M., Frizziero , L., Leonardi, F., Convento , E., Miglionico, G., Pulse, S., Perrini, P., Trevisson, E., Cassina , M., & Midena, E. (2017). RETINAL VASCULAR ABNORMALITIES IN A LARGE COHORT OF PATIENTS AFFECTED BY NEUROFIBROMATOSIS TYPE 1: A Study Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Retina, [doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000001578.].