Retinoic acid inhibits IL-6-dependent but not constitutive STAT3 activation in Epstein-Barr virus-immortalized B lymphocytes.

Paola Zancai, Roberta Cariati, Michele Quaia, Massimo Guidoboni, Silvana Rizzo, Mauro Boiocchi, Riccardo Dolcetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

IL-6-mediated B-cell growth promotion is involved in the pathogenesis of EBV+ lymphoproliferative disorders of immunosuppressed patients. Since retinoic acid (RA) inhibits the proliferation of EBV-immortalized lymphoblastoid B-cell lines (LCLs), we have investigated the effects of RA on IL-6 signaling in these cells. RA down-regulated IL-6-receptor components with IL-6 agonist activity (membrane and soluble gp80) and increased the levels of soluble gp130, an IL-6 antagonist. These changes, however, were not related to the enhanced production of endogenous IL-6 induced by RA in LCLs. RA-induced modulation of IL-6 receptor components did not abolish IL-6-mediated phosphorylation of gp130, whereas JAK1 and STAT3 phosphorylation and activation induced by IL-6 were markedly inhibited. Overall, the effects of RA resulted in the induction of a complete resistance of LCLs to IL-6-mediated growth promotion. Conversely, RA did not inhibit the constitutive activation of JAK1, TYK2, STAT3 and ERK1/2, ruling out that the JAK/STAT and MAPK pathways may mediate the antiproliferative activity of RA. The finding that RA severely impairs IL-6-dependent signalings in LCLs and inhibits their growth despite the presence of constitutively active JAK/STAT and MAPK cascades provide additional support for a role of RA in the prevention and treatment of EBV-related lymphoproliferative disorders of immunosuppressed patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-355
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Oncology
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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