In a former series of 60 resected Stage II nonseminomatous germinal testis tumors the authors succeeded in demonstrating that adjuvant cisplatin, vinblastine, and bleomycin (PVB) was able to significantly improve survival (100% in 11 treated versus 28.5% in 7 historical controls, P <0.01) only in patients with retroperitoneal metastases >5 cm, macroscopic extranodal spread, tumor invasion into retroperitoneal veins (pathologic Stage II-C). Forty-eight evaluable patients with clinical nonbulky Stage II noneminomatous testis cancer underwent retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy as primary treatment. Four courses of postoperative PVB were administered only to 18 clinically understaged patients (14 pathologic Stage II-C, and 4 postoperatively reclassified as Stage III). The remaining 30 patients were followed at monthly intervals. After a median follow-up of 25 months, relapses were: 1 (10%) in 10 pathologic Stage I patients; 8 (40%) in 20 pathologic Stage II-A and II-B; null in the 18 treated. Eight of the nine patients (89%) who had relapse entered continuous complete remission following salvage therapy. The overall 2-year disease-free survival in this case series is 98%. Retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy following by compulsive follow-up and selective use of aggressive chemotherapy is an alternative to remission induction chemotherapy as primary treatment in clinical nonbulky Stage II nonseminomatous testis cancer, and to immediate adjuvant chemotherapy in all patients with resected Stage II disease.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research