Retrospective Chart Review of Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib in Patients with Metastatic BRAF V600-Mutant Melanoma Treated in the Individual Patient Program (DESCRIBE Italy)

Massimo Aglietta, Vanna Chiarion-Sileni, Paolo Fava, Massimo Guidoboni, Roberta Depenni, Alessandro Minisini, Francesca Consoli, Paolo Ascierto, Gaetana Rinaldi, Maria Banzi, Riccardo Marconcini, Rossana Gueli, Virginia Ferraresi, Marco Tucci, Giuseppe Tonini, Giovanni Lo Re, Michele Guida, Michele Del Vecchio, Ilaria Gioia Marcon, Paola Queirolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Real-world data on extended follow-up of patients with BRAF V600-mutant metastatic melanoma are limited. We investigated dabrafenib plus trametinib (dab + tram) outside of a clinical trial setting (Individual Patient Program; DESCRIBE Italy). Objective: To describe the baseline features, treatment patterns, efficacy, and safety outcomes in patients with BRAF V600-mutant unresectable or metastatic melanoma who had received dab + tram as part of the Managed Access Program (MAP) in Italy. Patients and methods: An observational, retrospective chart review was conducted in Italian patients with BRAF V600-mutant unresectable stage III/IV melanoma receiving dab + tram as part of the MAP. Baseline features, treatment patterns, efficacy, and safety outcomes were evaluated. Results: Overall, 499 patients were included in this analysis. BRAF V600E mutation was seen in 81.4% of patients. Overall response rate achieved in 243 of the 390 evaluable patients was 62.3% (95% CI 57.5–67.1). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 9.3 months (95% CI 8.6–10.6). Subgroup analyses revealed that patients with normal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ≤ three metastatic sites without brain metastases at baseline had better outcomes. With normal LDH at baseline, median PFS for patients with one or two metastatic sites other than cerebral was 18 months. No new safety signals were observed. Treatment was permanently discontinued because of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) in 9.2% of patients, and pyrexia (27.3%) was the most common TEAE, with a lower incidence than that in the phase 3 studies of dab + tram. Conclusion: Treatment of BRAF V600E-mutant metastatic melanoma with dab + tram in the real-world setting was effective and safe, including the unselected population with several patients having a high tumor burden – concordant with the results of the pivotal phase 3 studies of dab + tram.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTargeted Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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