Retrospective comparison of qualitative and quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in diagnosing and monitoring the ALL1-AF4 fusion transcript in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

I. Elia, E. Gottardi, G. Floriddia, R. Grillo, F. Ciambelli, M. Luciani, P. Chiusolo, R. Invernizzi, G. Meloni, R. Foà, G. Saglio, G. Cimino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compared quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (Q-RT-PCR) to qualitative RT-PCR in determining response to therapy and predicting clinical outcome in 18 retrospectively selected patients with ALL positive for the ALL1-AF4 fusion and with frozen RNA samples collected at diagnosis and during follow-up (96 samples analysed). The ALL1-AF4 junction was detected by qualitative RT-PCR in 18 patients and by Q-RT-PCR in 17 patients (one patient harboured the rare e10-e6 ALL1-AF4 junction, which falls outside of the primer and probe location designed for the Q-RT-PCR). In three of the 12 patients negative to qualitative RT-PCR after induction therapy, a small number of ALL1-AF4 copies was detected by Q-RT-PCR. Thus nine patients were negative and eight positive. Seven of the eight positive patients suffered a relapse, including two of the three patients positive to Q-RT-PCR yet negative to qualitative RT-PCR. Moreover, we found two (5%) discordant results among the 39 follow-up tests of the nine patients who converted to a negative qualitative-quantitative PCR status. The results suggest that qualitative RT-PCR is more appropriate for the routine diagnosis of this genetic alteration. However, Q-RT-PCR is more accurate in assessing the molecular response after induction treatment and could be more useful in clinical decision-making in ALL1-AF4-positive ALL patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1824-1830
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
  • Monitoring of ALL1/AF4 transcript
  • Q-RT-PCR
  • Qualitative RT-PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cancer Research

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