Retrospective evaluation of current-based impedance compensation defibrillation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Bihua Chen, Changlin Yin, Giuseppe Ristagno, Weilun Quan, Qing Tan, Gary Freeman, Yongqin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Transthoracic impedance (TTI) is a principal parameter that influences the intracardiac current flow and defibrillation outcome. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the performance of current-based impedance compensation defibrillation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. Methods: ECG recordings, along with TTI measurements were collected from multiple emergency medical services (EMSs) in the USA. All the EMSs in this study used automated external defibrillators (AEDs) which employing rectilinear biphasic (RLB) waveform. The distribution and change of TTI between successive shocks, the influence of preceding shock results on the subsequent shock outcome, and the performance of current-based impedance compensation defibrillation was evaluated. Results: A total of 1166 shocks from 594 OHCA victims were examined in this study. The average TTI for the 1st shock was 134.8. Ω and a significant decrease in TTI was observed for the 2nd (p<0.001) and 3rd (p= 0.033) sequential escalating shock. But TTI did not change after the 3rd shock. A higher success rate was observed for shocks with preceding defibrillation success. The success rate remained unchanged over the whole spectrum of TTI. Conclusion: The average TTI was relatively higher in this OHCA population treated with RLB defibrillation as compared with previously reported data. TTI was significantly decreased after 1st and 2nd successive escalating shock but kept constant after the 3rd shock. Preceding shock success was a better predictor of subsequent defibrillation outcome other than TTI. Current-based impedance compensation defibrillation resulted in equivalent success rate for high impedance patients when compared with those of low impedance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-585
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume84
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Current-based impedance compensation
  • Defibrillation efficacy
  • Transthoracic impedance
  • Ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Emergency Medicine

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