Introduction: Mucin-rich lung adenocarcinomas (ADCs), namely mucinous and colloid ADCs, are classified as ADC variants according to the World Health Organization 2015 classification. A correlation between morphological patterns and mutational status of these rare entities is not well established. Methods: We investigated the mutational profile of mucinrich lung ADCs in correlation with histopathological and morphological features with the goal of identifying biological tumor characteristics of potential prognostic and therapeutic interest. A series of 54 surgically resected primary mucinous lung ADC samples were retrospectively analyzed for clinicopathological characteristics and by targeted nextgeneration sequencing. Results: Fifty cases were invasive mucinous ADCs (32 pure and 18 mixed) and four were colloid-predominant ADCs. Invasive mucinous ADC cases with a pure mucinous pattern were associated with a lower risk of vascular invasion (p = 0.01), absence of signet ring cells (p = 0.03), negative nodal status (p=0.006), and early clinical stage (p=0.02). Themost prevalent mutations involved the Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog gene (KRAS) and tumor protein p53 gene (TP53). Most mutations clustered in the mitogen-activated protein/protein kinase B pathway and in the p53/DNA repair pathway. A few uncommon epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) mutations were found. A correlation between a higher number of mutations and favorable clinical outcome was seen (p <0.001). Conclusions: Our data showed that mucinous ADCs have peculiar pathological and molecular features that might suggest the need for a differentially tailored therapeutic approach compared with that to conventional lung ADC.
- Mucinous adenocarcinoma
- Next-generation sequencing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine