Retrospective study 2005-2015 of all cases of fetal death occurred at =23 gestational weeks, in Friusli Venezia Giulia, Italy

Lorenzo Monasta, Manuela Giangreco, Emanuele Ancona, Fabio Barbone, Elisa Bet, Pierino Boschian-Bailo, Giovanna Cacciaguerra, Angelo Cagnacci, Melania Canton, Maddalena Casarotto, Manola Comar, Simona Contardo, Michela De Agostini, Francesco De Seta, Giovanni Del Ben, Carla Di Loreto, Lorenza Driul, Stefano Facchin, Roberta Giornelli, Annalisa IanniSanto La Valle, Ambrogio Pietro Londero, Marciano Manfè, Gianpaolo Maso, Raffaela Mugittu, Monica Olivuzzi, Maria Orsaria, Vanna Pecile, Roberta Pinzano, Francesco Pirrone, Mariachiara Quadrifoglio, Giuseppe Ricci, Luca Ronfani, Tiziana Salviato, Elisa Sandrigo, Silvia Smiroldo, Alice Sorz, Tamara Stampalija, Marianela Urriza, Michele Vanin, Giuseppina Verardi, Salvatore Alberico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) is a tragic event and, despite efforts to reduce rates, its incidence remains difficult to reduce. The objective of the present study was to examine the etiological factors that contribute to the main causes and conditions associated with IUFD, over an 11-year period in a region of North-East Italy (Friuli Venezia Giulia) for which reliable data in available. Methods: Retrospective analysis of all 278 IUFD cases occurred between 2005 and 2015 in pregnancies with gestational age ≥ 23 weeks. Results: The incidence of IUFD was 2.8‰ live births. Of these, 30% were small for gestational age (SGA), with immigrant women being significantly over-represented. The share of SGA reached 35% in cases in which a maternal of fetal pathological condition was present, and dropped to 28% in the absence of associated pathology. In 78 pregnancies (28%) no pathology was recorded that could justify IUFD. Of all IUFDs, 11% occurred during labor, and 72% occurred at a gestational age above 30 weeks. Conclusion: The percentage of IUFD cases for which no possible cause can be identified is quite high. Only the adoption of evidence-based diagnostic protocols, with integrated immunologic, genetic and pathologic examinations, can help reduce this diagnostic gap, contributing to the prevention of future IUFDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number384
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Intrauterine death
  • Small for gestational age
  • Stillbirth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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