Return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in professional soccer players

S. Zaffagnini, A. Grassi, G. M M Muccioli, K. Tsapralis, M. Ricci, L. Bragonzoni, S. Della Villa, M. Marcacci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: To investigate time to return to sport and rate of professional sport activity in a homogenous group of competitive soccer players 4. years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and rehabilitation. Methods: Twenty-one male professional soccer players (mean age 22.9. ± 5.4. years) underwent non-anatomical double-bundle autologous hamstring ACL reconstruction and followed the same rehabilitative protocol. Clinical evaluation was performed preoperatively and at 3, 6 and 12-month follow-up. Data regarding return to train and official match, sport activity, complications and revision surgeries were collected at 4-year follow-up. Results: Laxity test (KT-2000) and total KOOS mean score resulted in a significant improvement from the preoperative status to the 12-month follow-up (p <0.0001). The KOOS mean value showed a significant progressive improvement from the preoperative status to 6-month follow-up (p = 0.0010) as well, while values collected at 6 and 12-month follow-up were comparable (p = 0.2349). Returned to official matches 186. ±. 53. days after surgery. After 12. months, 95% came back to the same activity level performed before injury. Four years after ACL reconstruction, 15 patients (71%) were still playing competitive soccer. One patient (5%) underwent ACL failure and subsequent revision. Conclusions: The ACL reconstruction with the presented technique followed by patient-tailored rehabilitation, allowed 95% and 62% professional male soccer players to return to the same sport activity 1. year and 4. years after surgery respectively. However, 71% were still able to play competitive soccer at final follow-up. Clinical scores were restored after 6. months.Level of evidence: IV, case series.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-735
Number of pages5
JournalKnee
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Soccer
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Sports
Rehabilitation
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Reoperation
Return to Sport
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Arthroscopy
  • Double-bundle
  • Professional soccer players

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Zaffagnini, S., Grassi, A., Muccioli, G. M. M., Tsapralis, K., Ricci, M., Bragonzoni, L., ... Marcacci, M. (2014). Return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in professional soccer players. Knee, 21(3), 731-735. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2014.02.005

Return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in professional soccer players. / Zaffagnini, S.; Grassi, A.; Muccioli, G. M M; Tsapralis, K.; Ricci, M.; Bragonzoni, L.; Della Villa, S.; Marcacci, M.

In: Knee, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2014, p. 731-735.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zaffagnini, S, Grassi, A, Muccioli, GMM, Tsapralis, K, Ricci, M, Bragonzoni, L, Della Villa, S & Marcacci, M 2014, 'Return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in professional soccer players', Knee, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 731-735. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2014.02.005
Zaffagnini, S. ; Grassi, A. ; Muccioli, G. M M ; Tsapralis, K. ; Ricci, M. ; Bragonzoni, L. ; Della Villa, S. ; Marcacci, M. / Return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in professional soccer players. In: Knee. 2014 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 731-735.
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