Return to work after coronary revascularization procedures and a patient's job satisfaction: A prospective study

Elena Fiabane, Ines Giorgi, Stefano M. Candura, Piergiorgio Argentero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Research into work reintegration following invasive cardiac procedures is limited. The aim of this prospective study was to explore predictors of job satisfaction among cardiac patients who have returned to work after cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Material and Methods: The study population consisted of 90 cardiac patients who have recently been treated with coronary angioplasty or heart surgery. They were evaluated during their CR and 12 months after the discharge using validated self-report questionnaires measuring job satisfaction, work stress-related factors, emotional distress and illness perception. Information on socio-demographic, medical and occupational factors has also been collected. Results: After adjusting for demographic, occupational and medical variables, baseline job satisfaction (p < 0.001), depression (p < 0.01) and ambition (p < 0.05) turned out to be independent, significant predictors of job satisfaction following return to work (RTW). Patients who had a partial RTW were more satisfied with their job than those who had a full RTW, controlling for baseline job satisfaction. Conclusions: These findings recommend an early assessment of patients' psychosocial work environment and emotional distress, with particular emphasis on job satisfaction and depressive symptoms, in order to promote satisfying and healthy RTW after cardiac interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Depression
  • Job satisfaction
  • Return to work
  • Work stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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