Review of the possible relationship and hypothetical links between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the simple sleep related movement disorders, parasomnias, hypersomnias, and circadian rhythm disorders

Arthur S. Walters, Rosalia Silvestri, Marco Zucconi, Ranju Chandrashekariah, Eric Konofal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent evidence has been accumulating that the sleep of individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not only disrupted in a nonspecific way but that ADHD has an increased association with simple sleep related movement disorders such as restless legs syndrome/periodic limb movements in sleep (RLS/PLMS), rhythmic movement disorder (body rocking and head banging), and parasomnias, such as disorders of partial arousal (sleep walking, sleep terrors, and confusional arousals). In addition increased associations have been reported between ADHD and hypersomnias such as narcolepsy and sleep apnea as well as circadian rhythm disorders, such as delayed sleep phase syndrome. These relationships are reviewed and the implications for such associations are explored. Patients with sleep disorders should be queried about the symptoms of ADHD and vice versa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-600
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2008

Keywords

  • Confusional arousals
  • Delayed sleep phase syndrome
  • Narcolepsy
  • Night terrors
  • Periodic limb movements in sleep
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Rhythmic movement disorder
  • Sleep apnea
  • Sleep walking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Review of the possible relationship and hypothetical links between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the simple sleep related movement disorders, parasomnias, hypersomnias, and circadian rhythm disorders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this