Revising a prognostic index developed for classification purposes: An application to gastric cancer data

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Abstract

A prognostic index (PI) is usually derived from a regression model as a weighted mean of the covariates, with weights (partial scores) proportional to the parameter estimates. When a PI is applied to patients other than those considered for its development, the issue of assessing its validity on the new case series is crucial. For this purpose, Van Houwelingen (2000) proposed a method of validation by calibration, which limits overfitting by embedding the original model into a new one, so that only a few parameters will have to be estimated Here we address the problem of PI validation and revision with the above approach when the PI has classification purposes and it represents the linear predictor of a Weibull model, derived from an accelerated failure time parameterization instead of a proportional hazards one, as originally described by Van Houwelingen. We show that the Van Houwelingen method can be applied in a straightforward manner, provided that the parameterization originally used in the PI model is appropriately taken into account. We also show that model validation and revision can be carried out by modifying the cut-off values used for prognostic grouping without affecting the partial scores of the original PI. This procedure can be applied to simplify the clinician's use of an established PI for classification purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-830
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Statistics
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Prognostic index
  • Survival analysis
  • Weibull model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability

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