AHA/ACC class recommendations and associated level of evidence for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) have been put forth. A new paradigm is proposed for CPX use and interpretation in heart failure (HF). Evidence for this new paradigm will be provided showing that clinical utilization, class recommendations and associated level of evidence for CPX in the HF population can be significantly expanded. SUMMARY: New utilization, class recommendation and level of evidence paradigms for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in heart failure are proposed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine