Objective: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the synovial membrane proliferates and invades the underlying tissues. The cell-associated fibrinolytic system (urokinase-type plasminogen activator, uPA; uPA receptor, uPAR; plasminogen activator inhibitor-type 1, PAI-1) is pivotal in cell invasion and proliferation. For this reason, the expression and the role of such enzymatic system was investigated in synovial fibroblasts (SF) of normal and RA patients. Methods: In SF obtained from RA patients and control subjects, uPA, uPAR and PAI-1 were measured by ELISA of cell lysates and culture medium and by RT-PCR of mRNAs. uPA was also studied by zymography. Proliferation was measured by cell counting and cell invasion with the Boyden chamber. Results: RA-SF over-express uPAR and PAI-1 and are more prone than the normal counterpart to spontaneous and uPA-challenged invasion and proliferation, which are counteracted by antagonists of the fibrinolytic system. Conclusions: RA-SF display the fibrinolytic pattern and behaviour of invasive tumor-like cells. Antagonists of the fibrinolytic system are able to revert growth and invasion of both normal and RA-SF.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - May 2005|
- Fibrinolytic system
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Synovial fibroblasts
ASJC Scopus subject areas