Rhinocerebral zygomycosis: An unusual dramatic presentation in a paediatric cardiac patient without risk factors

Giuseppe Isgrò, Concetta Carlucci, Alessandro Giamberti, Alessandro Frigiola, Marco Ranucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mucormycosis is an angioinvasive infection caused by ubiquitous filamentous fungi of the order Mucorales. We describe a case of rhinocerebral mucormycosis presented in a paediatric patient after cardiac surgery correction of a complete atrioventricular canal defect. The rhinocerebral form of mucormycosis in our patient presented as an important epistaxis that needed immediate intubation due to blood inhalation. Furthermore, due to the worsening of pulmonary function, the patient also needed mechanical support with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The patient died as a consequence of a disseminated form of fungal infection. We describe our experience of this rare opportunistic infection and we think that early recognition of the disease could help in proper management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E19-E21
JournalEuropean Heart Journal, Supplement
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2016

Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • Fungi
  • Infection
  • Mucormycosis
  • VACTERL association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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