Rhythm perception and production predict reading abilities in developmental dyslexia

Elena Flaugnacco, Luisa Lopez, Chiara Terribili, Stefania Zoia, Sonia Buda, Sara Tilli, Lorenzo Monasta, Marcella Montico, Alessandra Sila, Luca Ronfani, Daniele Schön

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rhythm organizes events in time and plays a major role in music, but also in the phonology and prosody of a language. Interestingly, children with developmental dyslexia-a learning disability that affects reading acquisition despite normal intelligence and adequate education-have a poor rhythmic perception. It has been suggested that an accurate perception of rhythmical/metrical structure, that requires accurate perception of rise time, may be critical for phonological development and subsequent literacy. This hypothesis is mostly based on results showing a high degree of correlation between phonological awareness and metrical skills, using a very specific metrical task. We present new findings from the analysis of a sample of 48 children with a diagnosis of dyslexia, without comorbidities. These children were assessed with neuropsychological tests, as well as specifically-devised psychoacoustic and musical tasks mostly testing temporal abilities. Associations were tested by multivariate analyses including data mining strategies, correlations and most importantly logistic regressions to understand to what extent the different auditory and musical skills can be a robust predictor of reading and phonological skills. Results show a strong link between several temporal skills and phonological and reading abilities. These findings are discussed in the framework of the neuroscience literature comparing music and language processing, with a particular interest in the links between rhythm processing in music and language.

Original languageEnglish
Article number392
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue numberJUNE
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 4 2014

Keywords

  • Dyslexia
  • Music
  • Phonological awareness
  • Rhythm
  • Temporal processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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