We describe a 66-year-old, HIV-seropositive patient presenting with ataxia and upper limb rhythmic myoclonus activated by postural maintenance. Electromyograph (EMG) recordings of the forearm muscles showed 50-msec bursts, with a frequency of 10 Hz, concurring with frontocentral electroencephalograph (EEG) rhythmic activity. Autoregressive spectral analysis applied to the EEG-EMG traces made it possible to detect significant coherence between the rhythmic EEG discharges and EMG bursts. The amplitude of the middle-latency somatosensory evoked potentials was increased. Long-latency reflexes were enhanced. On the basis of the electrophysiological findings, the movement disorder should be considered a rhythmic variant of cortical myoclonus. In our patient, HIV infection may have caused a dysfunction in the central nervous system pathways involving the cerebellum and sensorimotor cortex, similar to that occurring in genetically determined conditions characterised by cortical myoclonus.
- Autoregressive spectral analysis
- HIV infection
- Rhythmic myoclonus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology