It has been known that ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) from plants damage ribosomes by removing adenine from a precise position of rRNA. Subsequently it was observed that all tested RIPs depurinate DNA, and some of them also non-ribosomal RNAs and poly(A), hence the denomination of adenine polynucleotide glycosylases was proposed. We report now that ricin, saporin-L2, saporin-S6, gelonin and momordin depurinate also poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (auto modified enzyme), an enzyme involved in DNA repair. We observed also that all RIPs but gelonin induce transformation of fibroblasts, possibly as a consequence of damage to DNA and of the altered DNA repair system.
- Adenine polynucleotide glycosylase
- Cell transformation
- Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase
- Ribosome-inactivating protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology