From the seeds of the Caryophyllaceae Saponaria ocymoides and Vaccaria pyramidata two proteins were purified which have the properties of the type-1 (single-chain) ribosome-inactivating proteins [reviewed by Barbieri, L., Battelli, M.G. and Stirpe, F. (1993) Ribosome-inactivating proteins from plants, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1154, 237-282]. The proteins have molecular masses of 30.2 kDa (S. ocymoides) and 28.0 kDa (V. pyramidata) and pI greater than 9.5, their N-terminal amino acid sequences are similar to those of saporin-S6 and dianthin 30, ribosome-inactivating proteins from other Caryophyllaceae, and they partially cross-react with sera against these proteins. Both proteins inhibit protein synthesis by a rabbit-reticulocyte lysate with IC50 (concentrations giving 50% inhibition) below 10-10 M, have a smaller effect on poly(U)-directed phenylalanine polymerisation by rat liver ribosomes (nanomolar IC50, approximately) and on protein synthesis by various cell lines (IC50 ranging from 4 nM to > 3000 nM) and possess rRNA N-glycosidase activity, releasing 1 mol adenine/ribosome.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
- protein synthesis
- ribosome-inactivating protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas