Right ventricular-arterial uncoupling independently predicts survival in COVID-19 ARDS

Michele D’Alto, Alberto M. Marra, Sergio Severino, Andrea Salzano, Emanuele Romeo, Rosanna De Rosa, Francesca Maria Stagnaro, Gianpiero Pagnano, Raffaele Verde, Patrizia Murino, Andrea Farro, Giovanni Ciccarelli, Maria Vargas, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Giuseppe Servillo, Ivan Gentile, Antonio Corcione, Antonio Cittadini, Robert Naeije, Paolo Golino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the prevalence and prognostic impact of right heart failure and right ventricular-arterial uncoupling in Corona Virus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) complicated by an Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Methods: Ninety-four consecutive patients (mean age 64 years) admitted for acute respiratory failure on COVID-19 were enrolled. Coupling of right ventricular function to the pulmonary circulation was evaluated by a comprehensive trans-thoracic echocardiography with focus on the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) to systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PASP) ratio Results: The majority of patients needed ventilatory support, which was noninvasive in 22 and invasive in 37. There were 25 deaths, all in the invasively ventilated patients. Survivors were younger (62 ± 13 vs. 68 ± 12 years, p = 0.033), less often overweight or usual smokers, had lower NT-proBNP and interleukin-6, and higher arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2)/fraction of inspired O2 (FIO2) ratio (270 ± 104 vs. 117 ± 57 mmHg, p < 0.001). In the non-survivors, PASP was increased (42 ± 12 vs. 30 ± 7 mmHg, p < 0.001), while TAPSE was decreased (19 ± 4 vs. 25 ± 4 mm, p < 0.001). Accordingly, the TAPSE/PASP ratio was lower than in the survivors (0.51 ± 0.22 vs. 0.89 ± 0.29 mm/mmHg, p < 0.001). At univariate/multivariable analysis, the TAPSE/PASP (HR: 0.026; 95%CI 0.01–0.579; p: 0.019) and PaO2/FIO2 (HR: 0.988; 95%CI 0.988–0.998; p: 0.018) ratios were the only independent predictors of mortality, with ROC-determined cutoff values of 159 mmHg and 0.635 mm/mmHg, respectively. Conclusions: COVID-19 ARDS is associated with clinically relevant uncoupling of right ventricular function from the pulmonary circulation; bedside echocardiography of TAPSE/PASP adds to the prognostic relevance of PaO2/FIO2 in ARDS on COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number670
JournalCritical Care
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • ARDS
  • COVID-19
  • Echocardiography
  • Prognosis
  • Right ventricular-arterial uncoupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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