Rise of levels of von Willebrand factor and factor VIII with age: Role of genetic and acquired risk factors

Eugenia Biguzzi, Filippo Castelli, Willem M. Lijfering, Suzanne C. Cannegieter, Jeroen Eikenboom, Frits R. Rosendaal, Astrid van Hylckama Vlieg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels are regulated by genetic and acquired factors. The acquired factors are mostly related to age and could be mediators of the age effect on VWF levels. Objectives: To disentangle the role of genetic (sex, blood group) and acquired factors (comorbidities, body mass index, reduced kidney function, hormone use, and inflammation) in regulating von Willebrand factor antigen (VWF:Ag) and factor VIII activity (FVIII:C) levels in the normal population. Methods: Analysis were performed in a large population sample (2923 individuals) from the Multiple Environmental and Genetic Assessment of risk factors for venous thrombosis (MEGA study), after exclusion of individuals with active cancer and women who were pregnant or within nine months postpartum. The increase of VWF:Ag and FVIII:C with age was evaluated by linear regression after the age of 40 years. Analyses were adjusted for acquired factors and stratified for sex and blood group. Results: VWF:Ag and FVIII:C increased with age: increase per decade of age for VWF:Ag 18 IU/dL (95%CI 15–20) and for FVIII:C 12 IU/dL (95%CI 10–14). After adjustment for acquired factors, the increase per decade was 13 IU/dL (95%CI 10–16) for VWF:Ag and 9 IU/dL (95%CI 6–11) for FVIII:C. The stratified analysis for blood group showed higher increase in the non-O group, but these differences were annulled after adjustment for acquired factors. Conclusions: VWF:Ag and FVIII:C increase with age. Carriers of blood group non-O present a steeper increase of VWF:Ag and FVIII:C with age, that is mediated by acquired factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume197
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • ABO Blood-Group System
  • Age groups
  • Coagulation factor VIII
  • Coagulation factors
  • Von Willebrand protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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