Risk factors for deep endometriosis: a comparison with pelvic and ovarian endometriosis

Fabio Parazzini, Sonia Cipriani, Stefano Bianchi, Francesca Gotsch, Giovanni Zanconato, Luigi Fedele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To assess whether deep endometriosis has different risk factors compared with endometriosis at other sites. In epidemiological terms, this should be the case if deep endometriosis represents a different condition than ovarian and peritoneal endometriosis. Design: Case-control study. Setting: University hospitals. Patient(s): The first group of cases included 181 women with a diagnosis of deep endometriosis. The second group of cases included 162 women with endometriosis at other sites. The control group included women younger than 55 years of age who were admitted for acute non-gynecological, non-hormonal, non-neoplastic conditions. Intervention(s): Questionnaire. Main Outcome Measure(s): Odds ratios. Result(s): The age distribution of women with cases of deep and ovarian and pelvic endometriosis was not statistically significantly different. A higher body mass index decreased the risk of both deep as well as ovarian and pelvic endometriosis: the estimated ORs for women reporting a body mass index of ≥21 vs. those reporting a body mass index of

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


  • Case-control study
  • deep endometriosis
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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