Risk factors for pregnancy-induced hypertension in women at high risk for the condition

Fabio Parazzini, Renata Bortolus, Liliane Chatenoud, Simona Restelli, Ekna Ricci, Luca Marozio, Chiara Benedetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To analyze determinants of the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) with or without proteinuria, we compared characteristics of women enrolled in the italian Study of Aspirin in Pregnancy who developed PIH and those who did not. A total of 756 women were included in the present analysis; of these, 132 women (17%) developed PIH during the trial. The risk of developing PIH tended to increase with maternal age: in comparison with women age 20-25 years, the odds ratio (OR) estimates of risk ratio were 3.5 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.6-7.1] in women age 26-30 years and 4.2 (95% CI = 1.9-8.8) in those age >30 years. There was little relation between development of PIH and education. PIH risk increased according to nonpregnant body mass index; in comparison with women with Quetelet's index (kg per m 2) 25-30 and >30. Parous women were at decreased risk of PIH: in comparison with nulliparas, the ORs were 0.7 (95% CI = 0.4-1.0) and 0.5 (95% CI = 0.3-0.9), respectively, in women reporting 1 or ≥2 births. There was no important relation between previous spontaneous or induced abortion and PIH risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-308
Number of pages3
JournalEpidemiology
Volume7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • age
  • hypertension
  • pregnancy
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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