Risk factors for vulvar lichen sclerosus

Mario Sideri, Fabio Parazzini, Maria Teresa Rognoni, Carlo La Vecchia, Eva Negri, Salvatore Garsia, Elena Arnoletti, Gabriela Cecchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess risk factors for vulvar lichen sclerosus data were collected in a case-control study of 75 cases and 225 age-matched control subjects. Questions concerned personal characteristics and habits, gynecologic and obstetric data, general indicators of sexual habits, and selected dietary habits. The risk of vulvar lichen sclerosus was greater in parous women than nulliparous women, but there was little tendency for the risk to increase with number of births; the finding was not significant when only married women were considered. There was no material difference between cases and control subjects in relation to major indicators of sexual habits (age at first intercourse and number of sexual partners). A smaller proportion of cases was married, but no difference was observed in the distribution of cases and controls with reference to education, smoking habits, body mass index, and previous history of diabetes. There was no association between retinoids and risk of vulvar lichen sclerosus, but intake of carotenoids was inversely and strongly associated with vulvar lichen sclerosus. This apparent protection did not materially change after adjustment for socioeconomic status and other potential confounding factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-42
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Fingerprint

Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus
Habits
Sexual Partners
Coitus
Retinoids
Feeding Behavior
Carotenoids
Social Class
Obstetrics
Case-Control Studies
Body Mass Index
Smoking
Parturition
Education

Keywords

  • diet
  • reproductive factors
  • Risk factors
  • vulvar lichen sclerosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Sideri, M., Parazzini, F., Rognoni, M. T., La Vecchia, C., Negri, E., Garsia, S., ... Cecchetti, G. (1989). Risk factors for vulvar lichen sclerosus. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 161(1), 38-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378(89)90228-7

Risk factors for vulvar lichen sclerosus. / Sideri, Mario; Parazzini, Fabio; Rognoni, Maria Teresa; La Vecchia, Carlo; Negri, Eva; Garsia, Salvatore; Arnoletti, Elena; Cecchetti, Gabriela.

In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 161, No. 1, 1989, p. 38-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sideri, M, Parazzini, F, Rognoni, MT, La Vecchia, C, Negri, E, Garsia, S, Arnoletti, E & Cecchetti, G 1989, 'Risk factors for vulvar lichen sclerosus', American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 161, no. 1, pp. 38-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378(89)90228-7
Sideri, Mario ; Parazzini, Fabio ; Rognoni, Maria Teresa ; La Vecchia, Carlo ; Negri, Eva ; Garsia, Salvatore ; Arnoletti, Elena ; Cecchetti, Gabriela. / Risk factors for vulvar lichen sclerosus. In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1989 ; Vol. 161, No. 1. pp. 38-42.
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