Risk of deliberate self-harm and factors associated with suicidal behaviour among asymptomatic individuals with human immunodeficiency virus infection

C. Gala, A. Pergami, J. Catalan, M. Riccio, F. Durbano, M. Musicco, T. Baldeweg, G. Invernizzi

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Abstract

The study was aimed at evaluating the risk of deliberate self-harm (DSH) and factors associated with suicidal behaviour in 213 asymptomatic individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in 3 transmission categories (68 gay men, 123 intravenous drug users and 22 heterosexuals). The results showed that 12 HIV-seropositive (HIV+) subjects were involved in DSH after the notification of a positive HIV test result, of which 8 occurred within 6 months and 4 between 6 months and 3 years. HIV+ subjects with a past psychiatric history showed a 7.7-fold increase in the relative risk of DSH, and HIV+ subjects with a history of DSH showed a 5-fold increase in the relative risk of DSH compared with HIV+ individuals without a past psychiatric history and a history of DSH. Professionals involved in the care of HIV+ individuals need to be aware of this risk, especially in the first few months after notification of HIV status and also at later stages of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-75
Number of pages6
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume86
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Gala, C., Pergami, A., Catalan, J., Riccio, M., Durbano, F., Musicco, M., Baldeweg, T., & Invernizzi, G. (1992). Risk of deliberate self-harm and factors associated with suicidal behaviour among asymptomatic individuals with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 86(1), 70-75.