Risk of dementia and death in patients with atrial fibrillation: A competing risk analysis of a population-based cohort

Irene Marzona, Marta Baviera, Tommaso Vannini, Mauro Tettamanti, Laura Cortesi, Emma Riva, Alessandro Nobili, Gabriella Marcon, Ida Fortino, Angela Bortolotti, Luca Merlino, Maria Carla Roncaglioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Previous studies have stated that atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a higher risk of dementia. However, none have examined the competition between death and incident dementia in patients with AF. We evaluated the risk of incident dementia in patients with AF in comparison to people without this arrhythmia, considering of the competing risk of death. Methods AF and non-AF cohorts were identified using the large administrative database of the Lombardy Region and followed for ten years. Patients with incident dementia were identified if they had an ICD 9 code referring to dementia at hospital discharge or a prescription for any anti-dementia drug. The association of AF with dementia or death was assessed with the multivariable Cox proportional-regression model, sensitivity analysis with a 1:1 propensity score matching and competing-risk analysis. Results In 2003 a total of 27,431 patients were hospitalized for AF in the Lombardy Region, while the cohort of non-AF counted 1,600,200 people. AF was associated with a higher risk of dementia (17%) and death (51%) at multivariable Cox analysis. These results were confirmed by the model fitted after propensity score matching. However, competing risk analysis found the association between AF and incident dementia was no longer significant (HR 0.99; 95% CI 0.94–1.04). Conclusions In this real-world population the association between AF and dementia was no longer statistically significant when death was considered a competing risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-444
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume220
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Competing risk analysis
  • Death
  • Incident dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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