Risk of Exclusion From Stroke Rehabilitation in the Oldest Old

Paola Forti, Fabiola Maioli, Elisabetta Magni, Letizia Ragazzoni, Roberto Piperno, Marco Zoli, Maura Coveri, Gaetano Procaccianti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether oldest-old age (≥85y) is an independent predictor of exclusion from stroke rehabilitation. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Stroke unit (SU) of a tertiary hospital. Participants: Elderly patients (N=1055; aged 65–74y, n=230; aged 75–84y, n=432; aged ≥85y, n=393) who, between 2009 and 2012, were admitted to the SU with acute stroke and evaluated by a multiprofessional team for access to rehabilitation. The study excluded patients for whom rehabilitation was unnecessary or inappropriate. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Access to an early mobilization (EM) protocol during SU stay and subsequent access to postacute rehabilitation after SU discharge. Analyses were adjusted for prestroke and stroke-related characteristics. Results: 32.2% of patients were excluded from EM. Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of EM exclusion were 1.30 (95% confidence interval [CI],.76–2.21) for ages 75 to 84 years and 2.07 (95% CI, 1.19–3.59) for ages ≥85 years compared with ages 65 to 74 years. Of 656 patients admitted to EM and who, at SU discharge, had not yet fully recovered their prestroke functional status, 18.4% were excluded from postacute rehabilitation. For patients able to walk unassisted at SU discharge, the probability of exclusion did not change across age groups. For patients unable to walk unassisted at SU discharge, ORs of exclusion from postacute rehabilitation were 3.74 (95% CI, 1.26–11.13) for ages 75 to 84 years and 9.15 (95% CI, 3.05–27.46) for ages ≥85 years compared with ages 65 to 74 years. Conclusions: Oldest-old age is an independent predictor of exclusion from stroke rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-483
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

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Stroke
Early Ambulation
Rehabilitation
Confidence Intervals
Odds Ratio
Stroke Rehabilitation
Tertiary Care Centers
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Age Groups
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ageism
  • Cohort studies, Rehabilitation, Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Risk of Exclusion From Stroke Rehabilitation in the Oldest Old. / Forti, Paola; Maioli, Fabiola; Magni, Elisabetta; Ragazzoni, Letizia; Piperno, Roberto; Zoli, Marco; Coveri, Maura; Procaccianti, Gaetano.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 99, No. 3, 01.03.2018, p. 477-483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Forti, P, Maioli, F, Magni, E, Ragazzoni, L, Piperno, R, Zoli, M, Coveri, M & Procaccianti, G 2018, 'Risk of Exclusion From Stroke Rehabilitation in the Oldest Old', Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 477-483. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2017.08.469
Forti, Paola ; Maioli, Fabiola ; Magni, Elisabetta ; Ragazzoni, Letizia ; Piperno, Roberto ; Zoli, Marco ; Coveri, Maura ; Procaccianti, Gaetano. / Risk of Exclusion From Stroke Rehabilitation in the Oldest Old. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2018 ; Vol. 99, No. 3. pp. 477-483.
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AU - Forti, Paola

AU - Maioli, Fabiola

AU - Magni, Elisabetta

AU - Ragazzoni, Letizia

AU - Piperno, Roberto

AU - Zoli, Marco

AU - Coveri, Maura

AU - Procaccianti, Gaetano

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AB - Objective: To investigate whether oldest-old age (≥85y) is an independent predictor of exclusion from stroke rehabilitation. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Stroke unit (SU) of a tertiary hospital. Participants: Elderly patients (N=1055; aged 65–74y, n=230; aged 75–84y, n=432; aged ≥85y, n=393) who, between 2009 and 2012, were admitted to the SU with acute stroke and evaluated by a multiprofessional team for access to rehabilitation. The study excluded patients for whom rehabilitation was unnecessary or inappropriate. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Access to an early mobilization (EM) protocol during SU stay and subsequent access to postacute rehabilitation after SU discharge. Analyses were adjusted for prestroke and stroke-related characteristics. Results: 32.2% of patients were excluded from EM. Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of EM exclusion were 1.30 (95% confidence interval [CI],.76–2.21) for ages 75 to 84 years and 2.07 (95% CI, 1.19–3.59) for ages ≥85 years compared with ages 65 to 74 years. Of 656 patients admitted to EM and who, at SU discharge, had not yet fully recovered their prestroke functional status, 18.4% were excluded from postacute rehabilitation. For patients able to walk unassisted at SU discharge, the probability of exclusion did not change across age groups. For patients unable to walk unassisted at SU discharge, ORs of exclusion from postacute rehabilitation were 3.74 (95% CI, 1.26–11.13) for ages 75 to 84 years and 9.15 (95% CI, 3.05–27.46) for ages ≥85 years compared with ages 65 to 74 years. Conclusions: Oldest-old age is an independent predictor of exclusion from stroke rehabilitation.

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