Risk of misdiagnosis and overtreatment in patients with main pancreatic duct dilatation and suspected combined/main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms

Stefano Crippa, Ilaria Pergolini, Corrado Rubini, Paola Castelli, Stefano Partelli, Claudio Zardini, Giorgia Marchesini, Giuseppe Zamboni, Massimo Falconi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Segmental/diffuse dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) is the typical feature of combined/main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (CMD-IPMNs). MPD dilation in IPMNs may be also expression of mucus hypersecretion/obstructive chronic pancreatitis (OCP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence and extension of MPD involvement by tumor/OCP and assess the risk of overtreatment. Methods Retrospective analysis of suspected CMD-IPMNs resected between January 2009 and October 2014 were included. Pathologic correlations among MPD dilatation, IPMN, and OCP was searched. Results Overall, 93 patients were resected for suspected CMD-IPMNs. At pathology, CMD-IPMNs were found in 69 patients (74%). Branch-duct IPMNs (BD-IPMNs) were found in 8 cases (9%), pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in absence of IPMN in 9 (10%), cystic neuroendocrine tumor (NET G2) in 1 (1%), serous cystadenoma in 2 (2%), and OCP alone/mucinous metaplasia in 4 patients (4%). Overall, 18 patients (19%) underwent an overtreatment because unnecessary (2 BD-IPMNs, 2 serous cystadenomas, and 4 OCPs only) or too extensive resections (9 CMD-IPMNs and 1 PDAC with associated OCP). In these, total pancreatectomy was the most common procedure (67%). Median size of MPD in IPMN-involved area was 12 mm compared with 7 mm when only OCP was found (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1049
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery
Volume159
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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