Risk of obstetric and thromboembolic complications in family members of women with previous adverse obstetric outcomes carrying common inherited thombophilias

M. Villani, G. L. Tiscia, M. Margaglione, D. Colaizzo, L. Fischetti, P. Vergura, E. Grandone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:Factor (F)V Leiden and the prothrombin 20210A mutation (PTm) are associated with the occurrence of obstetric complications, including pregnancy-related venous thromboembolism (VTE). It is not known whether family members of women with FV Leiden or PTm and previous obstetric complications have a higher risk of VTE or adverse obstetric outcomes. Methods:A retrospective family study including 563 relatives of 177 women with previous adverse outcomes carrying FV Leiden or PTm, referred between April 1993 and June 2010. A history of obstetric complications and VTE was obtained. Prevalence of VTE and obstetric complications in relatives with and without inherited thrombophilias was compared. Adjusted odd ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression models that controlled for predictors (age, FV Leiden and PTm). Results:Relatives carrying FV Leiden had a significant and independent risk for obstetric complications (OR: 1.98, 95% CI 1.03-3.83); this risk was not observed in the presence of PTm (OR: 1.03, 95% CI 0.46-2.32). The presence of FV Leiden or PTm in heterozygosis was significantly and independently associated with the occurrence of VTE (OR: 5.2, 95% CI: 1.70-15.91). Severe thrombophilias were strong risk factors for VTE (OR: 23.2, 95% CI: 6.0-89.85). Male gender was a significant and independent risk factor for VTE (OR: 3.49, 95% CI: 1.51-8.05). The risk did not change when relatives of women with a previous pregnancy-related VTE were excluded (OR: 3.49, 95% CI: 1.51-8.05). Conclusions:Knowledge of thrombophilia status may help to better define the obstetric and thromboembolic risks in asymptomatic family members of women who suffered from obstetric complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Inherited thrombophilia
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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