AimsPatients at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) after myocardial infarction (MI) can be offered therapy with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). Whether plasma biomarkers can help risk stratify for SCD and ventricular arrhythmias (VT/VF) is unclear. Methods and resultsThe primary objective of the CAMI-GUIDE study is to assess the predictive role of C-reactive protein for SCD or VT/VF in ischaemic patients with the ejection fraction 3 mg/L [heart rate (HR) 0.91 (0.50-1.64) P = 0.76], while C-reactive protein >3 mg/L was strongly associated with mortality due to heart failure [HR: 3.17 (1.54-6.54) P = 0.002]. NT-proBNP above median was significantly associated with the primary endpoint [adjusted HR: 1.46 (1.020-2.129) P = 0.042]. A risk function, including the three biomarkers, NYHA class and resting HR, allowed stratification of patient mortality risk from 5 to 50%. Conclusion C-reactive protein >3 mg/L is not associated with SCD or fast VT/VF, however, is a strong predictor of HF mortality. Biomarkers combined with clinical markers allow an excellent risk stratification of mortality at 2 years.
- Brain natriuretic peptide
- C-reactive protein
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
- Myocardial infarction
- Sudden cardiac death
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine