Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for renal tumors larger than 4 cm: Results of a multicenter, international series

Vincenzo Ficarra, Sam Bhayani, James Porter, Nicolò Buffi, Robin Lee, Andrea Cestari, Giacomo Novara, Alexander Mottrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Backgrounds: Limited data are available for the use of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in tumors >4 cm. The objectives of this study were to report the perioperative outcomes of a series of patients who underwent RAPN for suspicious >4 cm renal tumors and to compare these results with those observed in a group of patients with ≤4 cm tumors. Methods: We analyzed retrospectively the clinical records of 49 patients who underwent RAPN for suspicious of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) >4 cm in size at four centers from September 2008 to September 2010. All patients underwent da Vinci RAPN. The results were compared with those observed in a group of patients undergoing RAPN for ≤4 cm renal tumors. Results: The median warm ischemia time (WIT) was 22 min (Interquartile range [IQR] 18-28). The median console time was 145 min (median IQR 112-177). The median blood loss was 120 mL (IQR 62-237). In two cases, we observed intraoperative renal vein injury (4 %). Postoperative complications were reported in 13 (26.5 %) patients. Major complications were observed in 4 (8. 2 %) cases. Patients with large tumors showed perioperative outcomes worse than those received the RAPN for ≤4 cm tumors. Conversely, no significant difference was observed in positive surgical margin (PSM) rates. Conclusions: These outcomes support the use of RAPN as possible alternative to open PN for the treatment for patients with suspicious renal masses >4 cm. Positive surgical margin rates demonstrated RAPN is an oncologically safe procedure for tumors >4 cm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-670
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Kidney tumor
  • Partial nephrectomy
  • Robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for renal tumors larger than 4 cm: Results of a multicenter, international series'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this