Robotic and Sensor Technologies for Mobility in Older People

Lazaros Penteridis, Grazia D'Onofrio, Daniele Sancarlo, Francesco Giuliani, Francesco Ricciardi, Filippo Cavallo, Antonio Greco, Ilias Trochidis, Alexander Gkiokas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Maintaining independent mobility is fundamental to independent living and to the quality of life of older people. Robotic and sensor technologies may offer a lot of potential and can make a significant difference in the lives of older people and to their primary caregivers. The aim of this study was to provide a presentation of the methods that are used up till now for analysis and evaluation of human mobility utilizing sensor technologies and to give the state of the art in robotic platforms for supporting older people with mobility limitations. The literature was reviewed and systematic reviews of cohort studies and other authoritative reports were identified. The selection criteria included (1) patients with age ≥60 years; (2) patients with unstable gait, with or without recurrent falls; (3) patients with slow movements, short strides, and little trunk movement; (4) sensor technologies that are currently used for mobility evaluation; and (5) robotic technologies that can serve as a supporting companion for older people with mobility limitations. One hundred eighty-one studies published up until February 2017 were identified, of which 36 were included. Two categories of research were identified from the review regarding the robot and sensor technologies: (1) sensor technologies for mobility analysis and (2) robots for supporting older people with mobility limitations. Potential for robotic and sensor technologies can be taken advantage of for evaluation and support at home for elder persons with mobility limitations in an automated way without the need of the physical presence of any medical personnel, reducing the stress of caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalRejuvenation Research
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • mobility limitation
  • older people
  • robotic technologies
  • sensor technologies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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