Robotic approach for cervical cancer: Comparison with laparotomy. A case control study

Angelo Maggioni, Lucas Minig, Vanna Zanagnolo, Michele Peiretti, Fabio Sanguineti, Luca Bocciolone, Nicoletta Colombo, Fabio Landoni, Giovanni Roviglione, Jorge Ivan Vélez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To compare the surgical outcome of robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) versus abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) for the treatment of early stage cervical cancer. Methods: A prospective collection of data of all RRH for stages IA2-IIA cervical cancer was done. The procedures were performed at the European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy, between November 1, 2006 and February 1, 2009. Results: A total of 40 RRH were analyzed, and compared with 40 historic ARH cases. The groups did not differ significantly in body mass index, stage, histology, or intraoperative complications, but in age (p = 0.035). The mean (SD) operative time was significantly shorter for ARH than RRH, 199.6 (65.6) minutes and 272.27 (42.3) minutes respectively (p = 0.0001). The mean (SD) estimated blood loss (EBL) was 78 ml (94.8) in RRH group and 221.8 ml (132.4) in ARH. This difference was statistically significant in favor of RRH group (p <0.0001). Statistically significantly higher number of pelvic lymph nodes was removed by ARH than by RRH, mean (SD) 26.2 (11.7) versus 20.4 (6.9), p <0.05. Mean length of stay was significantly shorter for the RRH group (3.7 versus 5.0 days, p <0.01). There was no significant difference in terms of postoperative complications between groups. Conclusion: This study shows that RRH is safe and feasible. However, a comparison of oncologic outcomes and cost-benefit analysis is still needed and it has to be carefully evaluated in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-64
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009


  • Cervical cancer
  • Laparotomic radical hysterectomy
  • Robotic radical hysterectomy
  • Robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology

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