Robotic technology in pediatric neurorehabilitation. A pilot study of human factors in an italian pediatric hospital

Francesco Gilardi, Federica De Falco, Daniela Casasanta, Martina Andellini, Simone Gazzellini, Maurizio Petrarca, Andreina Morocutti, Donatella Lettori, Matteo Ritrovato, Enrico Castelli, Massimiliano Raponi, Nicola Magnavita, Salvatore Zaffina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The introduction of robotic neurorehabilitation among the most recent technologies in pediatrics represents a new opportunity to treat pediatric patients. This study aims at evaluating the response of physiotherapists, patients and their parents to this new technology. The study considered the outcomes of technological innovation in physiotherapists (perception of the workload, satisfaction), as well as that in patients and their parents (quality of life, expectations, satisfaction) by comparing the answers to subjective questionnaires of those who made use of the new technology with those who used the traditional therapy. A total of 12 workers, 46 patients and 47 parents were enrolled in the study. Significant differences were recorded in the total workload score of physiotherapists who use the robotic technology compared with the traditional therapy (p < 0.001). Patients reported a higher quality of life and satisfaction after the use of the robotic neurorehabilitation therapy. The parents of patients undergoing the robotic therapy have moderately higher expectations and satisfaction than those undergoing the traditional therapy. In this pilot study, the robotic neurorehabilitation technique involved a significant increase in the patients’ and parents’ expectations. As it frequently happens in the introduction of new technologies, physiotherapists perceived a greater workload. Further studies are needed to verify the results achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3503
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 2 2020


  • Ergonomy
  • Human factor
  • Pediatric neurorehabilitation
  • Quality of life
  • Robotic therapy
  • Satisfaction
  • Workload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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