Robotic versus open total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: Comparative study of short and long-term outcomes

T. L. Ghezzi, F. Luca, M. Valvo, O. C. Corleta, M. Zuccaro, S. Cenciarelli, R. Biffi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Despite the several series in which the short-term outcomes of robotic-assisted surgery were investigated, data concerning the long-term outcomes are still scarce. Methods The prospectively collected records of 65 consecutive patients with extraperitoneal rectal cancer who underwent robotic total mesorectal excision (RTME) were compared with those of 109 consecutive patients treated with open surgery (OTME). Patient characteristics, pathological findings, local and systemic recurrence rates and 5-year survival rates were compared. Results There were no statistically significant differences in postoperative complications, reoperation and 30-day mortality. There were significant differences comparing groups: number of lymph nodes harvested (RTME: 20.1 vs. OTME: 14.1, P <0.001), estimated blood loss (RTME: 0 vs. OTME: 150 ml, P = 0.003), operation time (RTME: 299.0 vs. OTME: 207.5 min, P <0.001) and length of postoperative stay (RTME: 6 vs. OTME: 9 days, P <0.001). The rate of circumferential resection margin involvement and distal resection margin were not statistically different between groups. There were no statistically significant differences at the 5-year follow-up: overall survival, disease-free survival and cancer-specific survival. The cumulative local recurrence rate was statistically lower in the robotic group (RTME: 3.4% vs. OTME: 16.1%, P = 0.024). Conclusion RTME showed a significant reduction in local recurrence rate and a higher, although not statistically significant, long-term cancer-specific survival with respect to OTME. Prospective randomized studies are needed to confirm or deny significantly better local control rates with robotic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1072-1079
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Colorectal surgery
  • Comparative study
  • Long term outcomes
  • Low anterior resection
  • Minimally invasive surgical procedures
  • Rectal cancer
  • Robotic surgery
  • Total mesorectal excision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery

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