In one experiment, the effect of d-fenfluramine (DF) on gastric emptying was studied in rats treated i.p. with metergoline, a non-selective serotonin (5-HT) receptor antagonist, ritanserin, a selective 5-HT2 and 5-HT1C receptor antagonist, and xylamidine, a 5-HT antagonist which has poor access to the brain. Metergoline (1 mg/kg) but not ritanserin (0.5 mg/kg) or xylamidine (3 mg/kg) blocked the effect of 2.5 mg/kg DF studied 2 and 4 h after injection. In a second experiment, we studied the ability of metergoline to antagonise the effect of DF, administered after a meal, on runway performance, food intake and gastric emptying assessed 4 h later. Metergoline at a dose of 1 mg/kg did not antagonise the effect of DF (2.5 mg/kg) on runway performance but completely blocked the effect on gastric emptying. The data clearly show that DF delays gastric emptying by indirectly activating 5-HT1 receptors; this effect is not important for the ability of DF to reduce runway performance and food intake when the drug is injected after a pre-feeding period. While there is evidence that DF hastens the termination of the meal by a 5-HT mechanism, the data suggest that DF may prolong the satiating effect of food during the post-absorptive phase by mechanisms other than 5-HT.
- 5-HT receptors
- Gastric emptying
- Runway performance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience