Role of adhesion molecules in the immune reaction to M-MSV-induced tumors

A. Rosato, V. Bronte, S. Mandruzzato, A. Zambon, F. Calderazzo, G. Biasi, P. Zanovello, D. Collavo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have investigated the in vivo role of 2 different adhesion molecules, LFA-I and LECAM-I, in the immune reaction to Moloney-murine-sarcoma-virus (M-MSV)-induced tumors, which undergo a peculiar spontaneous regression due to generation of a strong virus-specific cytotoxic-T-lymphocyte (CTL) response. Repeated administration of anti-LFA-I monoclonal antibody (FD441.8 MAb), i.p. or at the site of virus inoculation, enhanced tumor growth and delayed regression, while i.p. administration of anti-LECAM-I MEL-14 MAb gave rise to tumors that grew progressively and caused host death. Evaluation of the immunological response in MAb-treated mice showed reduced generation of virus-specific CTL precursors (p) in the spleen of animals given FD441.8 MAb i.p.; CTLp frequency in locally treated mice overlapped with that of control mice injected with virus only. FD441.8 MAb treatment did not interfere with CTL homing in the tumor, since the frequency of M-MSV-specific CTLps in sarcomas was similar in treated and control mice. Cytofluorimetric analysis indicated that the majority of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) from MAb-treated mice were covered by anti-LFA-I MAb, and lacked cytotoxic activity when assayed against target cells bearing relevant tumor antigens. Instead, in mice injected i.p. with MEL-14 MAb, a very low frequency of CTLps was detected in lymph nodes draining the tumor area, and within the tumor. Our results indicate that enhanced tumor growth, depending on the MAb used, is the resultant of an inhibitory effect on different T-lymphocyte functions. Tumor progression in anti-LFA-I MAb-injected mice is explained mostly by blockage of CTL lytic activity at the tumor site; in mice receiving i.p. MEL-14 MAb treatment, by the failure of naive T lymphocytes to enter peripheral lymph nodes and subsequently by the lack of generation of tumor-specific CTLs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-27
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue numberSUPPL. 7
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

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