Role of beauty treatment in the spread of parenterally transmitted hepatitis viruses in Italy

Andrea Mariano, Alfonso Mele, Maria Elena Tosti, Antonino Parlato, Giovanni Gallo, Pietro Ragni, Carla Zotti, Pierluigi Lopalco, Maria Grazia Pompa, Grazia Graziani, Tommaso Stroffolini, C. Orlandi, P. Mian, C. Vedovelli, G. Messori Ioli, C. Zotti, G. Zollesi, M. Meda, A. Gallone, P. GaglianoM. T. Galati, G. Valenza, M. P. Alibrandi, A. Incarbona, V. Silano, [No Value] Gara, M. C. Antoniotti, A. Pellegrino, A. Bertorello, R. Barberis, F. Giovanetti, M. A. Marchisio, B. Rizzi, M. Leporati, R. Prosperi, A. Galbiati, M. Ungano, G. Brianti, E. Zamparo, G. Gallo, A. Carpene', R. Mel, M. Soppesa, M. Sforzi, M. Saugo, M. Dal Lago, A. Todescato, P. Plaudetti, P. Cordiali, M. Forte, L. Nicolardi, G. Marchese, D. Dalla Costa, M. Boscolo Nata, G. D'Ettore, L. Gottardello, A. Ferro, L. Gallo, L. Caffarra, G. Zivelonghi, S. Soffritti, M. Foroni, P. Ragni, P. Ruffini, B. M. Borrini, P. Panciotti, M. Calmieri, G. Murgo, L. Cappelletti, E. Marchionni, A. Alessandrini, L. Verti, F. Figlioli, M. Zatelli, L. Gardenghi, P. Camerlengo, M. Greci, A. Poli, M. L. Marcotti, A. Davoli, M. Bignardi, R. Cagarelli, A. Lambertini, F. Errani, A. Bulgarelli, D. Vaccina, E. Casolari, A. M. Pezzi, P. Feltrami, R. Todeschini, R. Piccioli, R. Rangoni, M. L. Di Maggio, A. Calzolai, N. Collina, A. R. Gianninoni, M. Cova, F. Taddia, L. Andreotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aims of the study were to evaluate the role of beauty treatments in the spread of acute viral hepatitis B (HBV) and acute viral hepatitis C (HCV) in Italy. Data from the surveillance system for acute viral hepatitis (SEIEVA) during the period 1997-2002 were used. After exclusion of subjects 55 years old and reporting intravenous drug use or blood transfusion, the association of acute HBV and HCV cases with beauty treatments (tattooing, piercing, manicure/chiropody, and barber shop shaving) was estimated comparing 2,964 hepatitis B and 598 hepatitis C cases with 7,221 hepatitis A cases, used as controls, by multiple logistic regression analysis. The population attributable risk (PAR) to beauty treatments was estimated according to Levin's formula. Beauty treatments were associated with acute HBV (OR = 1.8; CI 95% = 1.5-2.1) and acute HCV (OR = 1.7; CI 95% = 1.2-2.3). The strongest association was found with barber shop shaving for HBV (OR = 1.8; CI 95% = 1.5-2.2) and with tattooing for HCV cases (OR= 5.6; CI 95% = 2.8-11.0). The estimates of the population attributable risk (PAR) indicate that nearly 15% of all acute HBV (17.4% in males) and 11.5% of all acute HCV cases (16.4% in males) occurring in 15-55 year old subjects not exposed to intravenous drugs or blood transfusion in Italy are due to beauty treatments. It is concluded that certain beauty treatments play an important role in the spread of HBV and HCV infections in Italy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-220
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

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Keywords

  • Beauty treatments
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Italy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

Mariano, A., Mele, A., Tosti, M. E., Parlato, A., Gallo, G., Ragni, P., Zotti, C., Lopalco, P., Pompa, M. G., Graziani, G., Stroffolini, T., Orlandi, C., Mian, P., Vedovelli, C., Ioli, G. M., Zotti, C., Zollesi, G., Meda, M., Gallone, A., ... Andreotti, L. (2004). Role of beauty treatment in the spread of parenterally transmitted hepatitis viruses in Italy. Journal of Medical Virology, 74(2), 216-220. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.20182